Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC)

Forth Coming Papers

A Comparative Study of NoSQL System Vulnerabilities with Big Data
Kiran Fahd1, Sitalakshmi Venkatraman1 and Fahd Khan Hammeed2, 1Department of Information Technology, Melbourne Polytechnic, VIC, Australia and 2Data Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

With the emerging third wave in the development of the Internet, the past year has witnessed huge data exposure resulting in cyber-attacks that have increased four times as that of the previous year’s record. In this digital era, businesses are making use of NoSQL technologies for managing such Big Data. However, the NoSQL database systems come with inherent security issues, which pose a major challenge to many organisations worldwide. There is a paucity of research studies for exposing the security threats and vulnerabilities of NoSQL technologies comprehensively. This paper presents an in-depth study of NoSQL security issues by performing a detailed comparative study of the security vulnerabilities identified in NoSQL database systems. A set of key security features offered by the four commonly used NoSQL database systems, namely Redis, Cassandra, MongoDB and Neo4j are analysed with an aim to identify their strengths and weaknesses. The vulnerabilities associated with built-in security, encryption, authentication/authorization and auditing that impact Big Data management are compared among these popular NoSQL database systems and the risk levels are identified. In addition, illustrations of possible injection attacks experimented with these NoSQL systems are provided. Finally, a high-level framework is proposed for NoSQL databases with considerations for security measures in Big Data deployments. The discussion forms a significant technical contribution for learners, application developers and Big Data deployers paving way for a better awareness and management of the NoSQL systems in an organization.

NoSQL; Big Data; security; vulnerabilities; non-relational database; injection attacks